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The Little Engine That Could

By Arnold Munk


A train breaks down and the toys it is carrying will not get over the mountain to the boys and girls by the morning. Every train engine, big and small, passes it by until the littlest engine agrees to help. “I think I can, I think I can,” says the Little Blue Engine as it starts up the mountain, a seemingly impossible task.

Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

Have you ever heard the phrase “When in Rome, do as the Romans do?” Has anyone ever said that what was right for you wasn’t right for them? We live in a world where people have a wide multitude of opinions, political, social,and moral. What makes them have these opinions, and are they always entitled to them? In The Little Engine That Could a train carrying toys and treats for good boys and girls breaks down. Three train engines decide to not help, each for their own reasons. Finally a little blue engine comes along and helps. This story is a helpful reminder on the importance of perspective and optimism.

The philosophical ideas brought up are moral relativism and moral absolutism. Relativism comes in many flavours, but the one that fits best with The Little Engine That Could is cultural relativism. The world is full of people with different ideas about what is right and what is wrong, and what culture they grew up in changes how they think about things. In other words, they think like those around them, and as such, their values may be different from yours. The trains each believe they are doing the right thing based on their own values, and these stem from the kind of work they do.

In The Little Engine That Could, each train gives different reasons for why it won’t, or can’t, help the toys. Despite the fact that they each feel that they are doing right, they may be doing the wrong thing by failing to help. The idea that there is a right and a wrong thing despite circumstances is moral absolutism. This means that you should do the right thing, no matter what, and that people who are mistaken about what is right and wrong can still do the wrong thing.

The conflict between these two moral systems takes a back seat towards the end of the book when the iconic train goes up the hill saying, “I think I can. I think I can. I think I can.” This is contrasted by when the older train says, “I can not. I can not. I can not.” The idea that how we perceive things changes the way we interact with them is under the philosophical heading of metaphysics. Metaphysics is the study of existence. In layman’s terms it asks questions like “What is there?” and “What is it like?”

Questions for Philosophical Discussion

Subjective Opinions

The train is carrying toys and food for good girls and boys. What makes a good toy or good food change from person to person.

  1. What is your favorite toy?
  2. What is your favorite food?
  3. What is the best toy or food for everyone? Is there one?

Subjective Morality

The trains each give different reasons for why they won’t, or will, carry the train. What makes a moral action change between these characters.

  1. Has anyone ever rode in a train like that?
  2. What was your favorite part of it?
  3. Why does the train think it is important?
  4. Why doesn’t the train think that the toys are important?
  5. Is the train wrong?

Freight Engine

I am a very important engine. I won’t pull the likes of you

  1. What makes this train strong?
  2. Does that make it different from other trains?
  3. What makes grown up books different then children books?
  4. Has anyone ever read a newspaper?
  5. If so, what was it like? If not, what do you think it is like?
  6. Are grown up things more important than children’s things?

Rusty Old Engine

I can not, I can not, I can not.

  1. What might have this train done to make it so tired?
  2. Does it deserve to rest, or should it keep working?
  3. Should this train have tried to pull the toys up the mountain?

Little Engine

I think I can. I think I can. I think I can.

  1. What makes this train different?
  2. Why does the train want to help?
  3. What is different about how this train thinks?
  4. What do the words I think I can, I think I can, I think I can mean?
  5. Have you ever tried to do something difficult?
  6. Does believing in yourself make it easier? Does it make you braver?


What makes morals different from opinions? Is there such a thing as subjective morality?

  1. Did the little engine do the right thing?
  2. Did the other trains do the wrong thing?
  3. Each train thought they were doing the right thing. Does this change anything?
  4. Did the way that they thought about themselves change how they made their decision?
  5. How do we know what the right thing to do is?
  6. Is there one right thing for everybody? Think back to how everyone had different foods and toys.

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