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Harry the Dirty Dog

From Teaching Children Philosophy, a Project of Thomas Wartenberg
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Author: Gene Zion

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Illustrator: Margaret Bloy Graham

Publisher: HarperCollinsPublishers


Summary

Harry is a happy dog who is white with black spots. He loves everything except for taking baths. When bath time comes around Harry runs away and has loads of fun getting dirty. Before he knows it he has changed from a white dog with black spots to a black dog with white spots. Harry starts to miss home, but when he returns, his family does not recognize him. How will Harry convince them that he is still Harry?


Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

by: Kelsey Brower

Harry’s appearance changes in the book and his family does not recognize him. This specifically brings up the issue of appearance versus reality. Though he did not appear to be the same dog, he is. In discussing this, the children will be confronted with the issue of how important visual recognition is in identifying objects. Humans have a tendency to judge without full information. Appearance becomes the most important factor in this. An example of this would be if a person who had never before seen a pear was given one. That person could very well assume that the pear was an apple.
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Apples can be green, have steams, and this could just be an oddly shaped one. Without prior concrete knowledge humans automatically make assumptions based on appearance and that is why it is so difficult to convince people that something may not be what it seems.

The topic of appearance versus reality also bring up the question of whether we, as humans, can trust appearances. Sometimes what we are seeing fools us. An example of this would be a mirage or how a straw looks bent in a glass of water. We can see something with our own eyes and still be making a false judgment about it. This happens in the story when Harry's family does not recognize him. Did Harry actually change, or is his family just misinterpreting what they are seeing?

Another important issue in this book comes from the philosophy field of metaphysics and concerns the idea of essential properties. Was Harry really the same dog after he changed? The children will have to think about how many properties of Harry can change before he is no longer the same dog. This has long been a debated issue in philosophy. It is very hard to say the exact point at which something ceases to be itself. Let's say that I have a wooden row boat. If part of my boat got smashed and sank to the bottom of a lake, would it still be the same boat? What if I replaced the smashed half of the boat with new materials? What if I filled the boat with dirt and planted flowers in it? When exactly would my wooden row boat no longer be the same row boat?

Harry the Dirty Dog also brings up the idea of home. Harry is out having fun and getting dirty, but still wants to go home. This raises the idea of having a sentimental connection to one’s home, as well as what does it take for a place or a building to be a home. Is a place that a person lives their home, or is where one grew up? The German philosopher, Martin Heidegger, had a theory that man was always in search for the place that would provide us with the longed-for happiness that the idea of "home" promises. He believed that man would undoubtedly seek out things that would remind him of home, even in new and exciting places. He believed that an insatiable homesickness was just a part of the human essence. Harry the Dirty Dog provides an opportunity for thinking about the meaning home has for all of us.

Questions for Philosophical Discussion

by: Kelsey Brower


Topic: Appearance vs. Reality

When Harry becomes a black dog with white spots his family no longer recognizes him.


1. Why didn’t the family believe that it was Harry even when he did his old tricks?

2. Why did Harry’s physical appearance present such a barrier to the family recognizing him?

3. How do people change their physical appearance?

4. Would you still recognize a person after a makeover?

5. If you didn’t, would they still be the same person?

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Topic: Essential Properties

Harry’s family knew him as a white dog with black spots.


1. Was Harry still the same dog even though he looked different?

2. At the end of the story Harry likes his bath. Is he still the same now that he likes different things?

3. What would you have to change about Harry that would make him no longer “Harry”?


Topic: Home

Harry was having fun out, but still wanted to go home.


1. Why didn’t Harry stay out and play some more? Why did he want to go home?

2. Why is having a home so important to us? Why don’t we just go out all the time?

3. Is a home more than just where we can sleep and eat?

4. If you were to move, would you still consider where you used to live “home”?