Social and Political Philosophy
Social and political philosophy considers questions about the basic institutions of society. A fundamental issue in social and political philosophy is what the nature of justice is. There have been many debates about what practices are compatible with justice, and social and political philosophy delves into the theoretical grounds for these debates. Among the questions addressed in social and political philosophy are: Is affirmative action compatible with the requirements of justice? and What sort of penal system is a just one? Questions about race, class, and gender are central to this area of philosophy.