Green Eggs and Ham
By Dr. Seuss, Random House
Green Eggs and Ham is about Sam-I-Am, trying to convince the narrator to try green eggs and ham. He spends most of the book, offering the unnamed character different locations and dining partners to try the delicacy. In the end the unnamed character relents and eats the green eggs and ham, and end up loving the food.
Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion
By Taiba Akhtar
Green Eggs and Ham is a much loved classic, by Dr. Seuss, that is not only fun to read, but also raises important questions about the relationship between beliefs and experiences. Sam-I-Am spends the entire book offering green eggs and ham, to the narrator, who adamantly refuses to try the delicacy, as he does not like Sam-I-Am. Sam-I-Am offers to serve the dish in a number of different locations with a number of different partners, however his persistence does not succeed until the very end, when the narrator finally caves in and tries it, only to find he loves it, and will eat it anywhere and with anyone. He also overcomes his dislike for Sam-I-Am.
This book raises the question of the role that experience plays in the formation of our beliefs. This topic is discussed in the area of philosophy known as the theory of knowledge or epistemology. Although the book raises the issue in regard to beliefs about food, the ideas can be applied to beliefs about anything. For example, we can taste something and decide that we don’t like a particular food. However, in other case, we can simply read about something, slavery for example, and come to the conclusion that we do not want to be a slave. In this case, we did not need to experience slavery to decide that we don’t want to be a part of it.
There are two main positions that philosophers may take in this discussion, the first is that experience is necessarily in establishing our judgments. The second is claiming that sometimes experience may not be necessary to determine what we think, for we can rely on reason alone.
Some philosophers might justify the narrator's actions by asserting that it is possible not to like something even when you have not tried it. In this scenario, the fundamental idea is that it’s possible to form judgments through reason without recourse to experience. For instance, we do not necessary need to be in a car accident to decide that we do not want to experience one.
Alternatively other philosophers may claim that experience is important when we are making judgments. They can use the narrator as an example, claiming that once he had tried green eggs and ham, he realized that he in fact loved the food. Here, philosophers are claiming that experience is necessary in establishing beliefs.
The aim of the questions below is to get children thinking about the role of experience in establishing our beliefs. They should be thinking about when and where we need experiences to justify our beliefs , and when actual experiences are not necessary for the beliefs. The questions begin with a set of warm up questions, to get the children to begin thinking about the idea of judgments.
Questions for Philosophical Discussion