Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day
By Judith Viorst, Aladdin Paperbacks
From the moment Alexander wakes up, everything goes wrong! He wakes up with gum in his hair, fights with his friends, and has to eat lima beans for dinner. At the end of his rough day, Alexander learns some days are just like that. All kids experience this type of day, and will be glad to find they are not alone!
Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion
By Marina Lawson
Judith Viorst's book, Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day, follows Alexander through a rather trying day. He wakes up with gum in his hair, doesn't get a seat by the window during carpool, doesn't get dessert in his lunch, is rebuffed by his friends on the playground, has to get a cavity fixed at the dentist, and has to eat lima beans for dinner. The difficult situations Alexander finds himself in, and his way of dealing with them, are what makes this book ripe for philosophical discussion. The book addresses issues such as moods and emotion, envy, fight and flight responses, the concept of art, and making mistakes.
The concept of emotion is a particularly evasive one. It is notoriously difficult to comprehend, and even harder to articulate. Understanding the nature of emotions is a philosophical issue that is still under much debate. Traditionalists believe that inner states are important for emotions, while Behaviorists believe that emotions are only comprised of our outer behavior. Alexander grapples with a number of different emotions during his day and handles some of them on the inside, and some of them very outwardly.
He goes through a range of emotions from just generally being in a bad mood, to jealousy, frustration, anger, and rage, and he is forced to manage each of these emotions. His actions raise philosophical questions about the best way to recognize and handle emotions. The module contains questions to help recognize the characteristics of each emotion, and raises questions about determining the best way to respond to a difficult situation. This, in turn, necessarily brings up questions about moral and ethical behavior.
Ethics is an area of philosophy which can be applied to nearly any situation and having a good background in ethics can help individuals respond to any given situation. The concept of violence is particularly interesting from an ethical standpoint because it initially always seems like a bad thing to engage in, but there are cases where it can be argued that violence is the only way to handle a particularly tricky issue.
Several times throughout the book, Alexander mentions his desire to move to Australia, and it raises the question about whether or not it is appropriate to run away from problems, and whether or not this is the best possible response. The book also raises questions about making mistakes. This is particularly interesting because most children are at an age where making mistakes is a common occurence and, although everyone can learn from mistakes, some mistakes are bigger than others. This may raise questions about the philosophy of learning. What does it mean to learn and what are the best ways to learn? Our society is always geared toward putting a positive spin on everything and attempting to learn from every situation, but is this always possible or reasonable?
In the spirit of learning and being creative, there are some questions about the nature of art as well. There are many, varying opinions about art and it seems impossible to come up with any one definition although the book indicates that there are definitely things that are not to be considered art. Children are particularly creative, and these questions are designed to trigger further thinking about what art is or isn't.
The question set is designed to elicit responses from the children on what they think each of these topics means. It asks a series of how and why questions as well as a few more philosophically specific questions designed to get the children thinking. The reason this book is particularly poignant for children is because every child has had to deal with at least one of these issues in his or her life. Thinking about these issues will not only allow children to better understand them, but also will allow them to think about their own experience with these issues and how to approach them the next time they come up. By thinking more critically about everyday issues like whether or not to punch your brother for calling you a name will hopefully help children think about what it means to be morally or ethically responsible social citizens of the world, even in Australia.
Questions for Philosophical Discussion
The nature of emotions
Alexander has a bunch of bad things happen to him first thing in the morning and they put him into a bad mood.
Alexander sounds jealous because he only had cereal in his box, no toy.
Alexander gets really angry and is mean to his friends when they tell him that they don't like him as much anymore.
How to deal with emotions
Alexander says that he'll move to Australia.
Alexander punches his brother for calling him a crybaby and his mother gets angry with him.
The nature of art
Alexander draws a picture of an invisible castle and is disappointed when his teacher doesn't like it.
Alexander gets upset when his teacher tells him he is making mistakes.