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A Bad Case of Stripes

By David Shannon, Scholastic

Summary

A Bad Case of Stripes, by David Shannon, is the story of young Camilla Cream, a closeted lover of lima beans and a worrier about others’ opinions of her. On the first day of school, Camilla wakes up to find herself completely covered in rainbow stripes! If the stripes were not bad enough, Camilla’s skin develops everything people suggest she has – someone says ‘checkerboards,’ another says ‘bacteria,’ and she breaks out in checkerboard pattern and bacteria tails. When the Doctor, Specialists, Experts, and many others cannot figure out what’s causing the stripes, a little old woman appears with what just might be the cure.

Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

By Jo Fletcher

The core theme of A Bad Case of Stripes is learning to be yourself, and being comfortable in your own skin… literally. Philosophically-speaking, the book deals with the issue of identity, spun in several different ways.

Camilla is introduced as a girl who worries a lot about what people think of her and whether they like her, and as a result her sense of self is highly malleable. In fact, her insecurity manifests itself by turning her skin stripy. When Camilla goes to school the day after, she and her classmates realize that whatever they say to her becomes a pattern on her skin. This continues until one woman, in a misguided attempt to cure her, tells Camilla to “become one with [her] room.” At this point, Camilla appears to merge with the walls and bed of her room. The careful reader or listener will realize that Camilla’s body is trying to please everybody she meets, thus becoming a victim to the power of suggestion. Whatever they say about her becomes reflected in her, and, subsequently, Camilla realizes she has to be true to herself and her own desires.

The story raises the question of whether or not it is important to care about what people think, as well as what the consequences of such worrying are. At some point, Camilla becomes almost unrecognizable, and though she does not appear to lose her sense of self, our perception of her changes. In this way, the function of identity is raised: is it something one defines for oneself, or is it something that is defined by others? Throughout the book, Camilla visibly and physically changes many times. She is always called ‘Camilla,’ but it seems that by the time she has morphed into the walls of her room, there is really no recognizable Camilla left. Thus the question must be asked, is she still Camilla Cream?

The philosophy of personal identity has occupied many minds throughout history such as the philosopher John Locke who spent a great deal of time considering what it means to have an identity. He concluded that identity is linked to consciousness of self. Although it is controversial, the idea of self-consciousness persists and is addressed in A Bad Case of Stripes. Because she remains conscious of who she is even when she is transformed into the walls of her room, Camilla, at least in Locke’s theory, never loses her identity.

An alternative theory of identity is that of essentialism. Aristotle believed all things had ‘necessary’ and ‘accidental’ properties. Necessary properties are what a thing requires in order to be that thing; accidental properties are properties that are true of a thing, but are not required in identifying that thing. As far as identity goes, the book prompts us to think about what aspects of Camilla’s identity are necessary and what are accidental. It would seem her physical identity is an accidental property, as it changes and she still believes herself to be Camilla. However, the old woman calls Camilla in girl form the “real” Camilla. Does that mean her human form is somehow a necessary part of her identity? These are some of many topics within the bounds of the philosophy of personal identity.

A Bad Case of Stripes can also be used to discuss bullying. Camilla is teased by her classmates and talked about on the news, which both effect her mental and physical states. Whether or not what the reporters do is bullying is an interesting question. The media is supposed to objectively present facts, but are there times when news reporting crosses a line? The reporters’ behavior may seem invasive, but one must consider whether or not the reporters have a moral duty to share stories like Camilla’s with the public.

Camilla’s treatment by her classmates is a matter of ethical concern. Camilla’s classmates are a textbook example of children who tease other children and thus act as bullies. Bullying is a serious ethical issue, but philosophers debate what it is that makes bullying morally wrong. How does bullying hurt someone? What should a person do when he or she sees bullying occurring? These are the kinds of moral issues raised by bullying.

A Bad Case of Stripes offers a wealth of topics to be plumbed in philosophical discussion – self-perception, identity, and bullying. Because of this, one has the option of tailoring the reading and discussion experience to best benefit the students.

Questions for Philosophical Discussion

Self-Perception

Camilla Cream loves lima beans but refuses to eat them because people tell her they are gross.

  1. When we first meet Camilla, what is she doing?
  2. What does that tell us about her?
  3. Is there a food you love but other people do not like?
  4. If Camilla likes lima beans so much, why doesn’t she just eat them?
  5. Is there a reason Camilla changes from stripes to checkerboards to a pill to her room?
  6. Is it important to care about what other people think?
  7. Do we define ourselves based on who we think we are, or who others think we are?
  8. What does it mean to ‘be yourself’?
  9. Is it important? Why?

Identity

Camilla develops ‘a bad case of stripes,’ which seems to change as people try to figure out what is wrong with her.

  1. How is Camilla recognized as Camilla when she is called “The Incredible Changing Kid”?
  2. Does she ever stop being Camilla Cream?
  3. What is a person’s identity?
  4. How does one develop an identity?
  5. What does it mean to ‘lose’ one’s identity?
  6. How could that happen? Could it happen?
  7. Does it happen to Camilla?
  8. When Camilla changes back into a little girl, the old woman says she “knew the real you was in there somewhere.” What does that mean?
  9. Who or what is the ‘real’ Camilla?
  10. Can a person have an essence, an identity defined by things that are essential to his or her person?
  11. When the news reporters start camping outside her house, Camilla becomes something of a media sensation. What does that do to her identity?

Others’ Perceptions and Bullying

Camilla’s classmates laugh at her and call her names, and the news reporters set up outside to gawk at her.

  1. What is bullying?
  2. Why do Camilla’s classmates tease her?
  3. Is it okay to treat someone differently because they have stripes?
  4. What if they have an illness?
  5. A woman is shown talking about Camilla on TV - what is it she is doing?
  6. Is an illness ‘news’?
  7. Does the reporter have a duty to share Camilla’s story with the public?
  8. Is what the reporter does different from what Camilla’s classmates do to her?
  9. Is it bullying?
  10. Is it ethically wrong to report sensational news?

This book module deals with ethics, and metaphysics, specifically personal identity?. You can buy this book on Amazon.

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